Global Competitiveness Report 2014-2015
The Global Competitiveness Report 2014-2015 assesses the competitiveness landscape of 144 economies. The different aspects of competitiveness are captured in 12 pillars, which compose the Global Competitiveness Index.
Spain remains stable at 35th place. The important reform program the country has embarked on has resulted in curbing the high budget deficit of past years, although it remains high (128th); improving the robustness of the financial sector (85th); cutting red tape to foster entrepreneurship (99th); and enhancing flexibility (120th) in the labor market, although much remains to be addressed. However, a weakening in the perceived functioning of institutions, notably with worse scores in terms of corruption (80th) and government efficiency (105th), offsets these improvements in the GCI.
Overall, as in past years, Spain continues to benefit from excellent transport infrastructure (6th), high levels of connectivity (18th), and a large share of the population that pursues higher education (8th) who—should the quality of the education system improve (88th)—could provide a skillful labor force able to contribute to the structural change the country requires. Notwithstanding these strengths and improvements in certain areas, Spain continues to suffer from poor access to loans (132nd), a rigid labor market (120th), difficulty in attracting (103rd) and retaining talent (107th), and an insufficient capacity to innovate (60th)—the result of low R&D investments (52nd) and weak university-industry collaborations (57th).